Adoption 101 for Teachers


Adoptive Families Association of BC
Focus on Adoption magazine

Each year, around 550 children are adopted by BC families. There are probably children in your class who have joined their family through adoption. We have prepared this information to help you understand some of the issues that adoptees can face at school and how you can help them.

There are many good reasons to be sensitive to adoption in the classroom:

  • Thoughtless remarks about their family and origins by other children, and some school assignments, can cause great distress to children who were adopted.
  • It’s not uncommon—particularly in the case of transracially adopted children—for children to be asked if their adoptive parent is their “real” mom, or to have their status as a “real” child questioned. Some children are even asked “how much money” their parents paid for them.
  • Some children know very little, or nothing, about their birth parents. This can cause them distress and great feelings of loss. Of course, this is not always the case. Some children have very positive contact with birth family and are happy to talk about them.
  • Other children, especially those who were in foster care before being adopted, may have experienced abuse and neglect by their biological parents. They may also have lived in several different foster homes. Explaining their family or birth history may be painful and challenging for them.

Easy ways to help

You can create a safe and supportive environment for adoptees in your class by doing some very simple things:

  • Set the tone for acceptance of adoption. Calm, thoughtful comments or responses to questions about adoption send the message that you feel adoption is a normal way to bring families together. When you have an accepting attitude toward adoption, it will go a long way toward nurturing that in the children in your class.
  • Teach the children that adoptive families are just one of many family models (e.g., blended, step, single-parent, same-sex, foster) and that all the people in their lives are "real."
  • School assignments that address genetics, inherited characteristics, human development, or family heritage can be difficult for adoptees. Try to plan ways to teach that includes, rather than excludes, adoptees. A quick Google search will provide you with several examples, or call AFABC at 604-320-7330.
    If you know a child is adopted, talk to his or her parents for tips on how to approach a potentially sensitive assignment before going ahead.
  • Children should be allowed to be in control of the information about their adoption story—take their lead about what they choose to share. Try to answer questions about adoption in a general way so that the other children learn not to intrude on fellow students’ privacy.
  • Have age-appropriate, adoption-themed books in your classroom.
  • If you are talking about families in general, include mention of adoptive families—this normalizes adoption for the children. Tell children about famous adoptees.
  • If a child agrees, or asks to do one, have an adoption show and tell. Check in with the child’s parent or parents before agreeing.
  • If you are planning a family tree assignment, give the children other options such as including all the people in their lives who love them—rather than just relatives. Some children have no information about their biological families or no contact. On Mother’s Day and Father’s Day, allow the children to prepare a card or gift for whomever they wish, not just Mom or Dad.
  • Some adopted children don't have pictures of themselves as babies or infants. Asking such a child to produce a photo for an assignment can be very upsetting. Try to find out if there are children in your class who may be in that situation.

    Famous people touched by adoption

    • Superman (adoptee)
    • Dalai Lama (adoptee)
    • Sarah McLachlan (adoptee)
    • Robert Munsch (adoptive parent)
    • Angeline Jolie and Brad Pitt (adoptive parent)
    • Jamie Foxx (Adoptee)
    • Edgar Allen Poe (Adoptee)
    • Louis Armstrong (Adoptee)
  • Some teachers ask children to bring in baby pictures so that children can guess through family resemblance which child goes with which parents. This can be upsetting for children who were adopted by parents of another race. The best way to handle assignments about family relationships or personal history is to broaden them so that all children and their types of families can be included.
  • Invite an adoptive parent and/or an adoption expert to speak to the class. The Adoptive Families Association of BC can arrange a speaker in most communities. Call us at 604-320-7330.

What is adoption?

Adoption is a legal and social process whereby an adult person becomes the parent of a child. Once a child is adopted, he or she is the same as any birth children in terms of the law and parental responsibility to the child. The greatest advantage of adoption is the stability it provides for children.

Adoption in British Columbia
There are three main routes to adoption in British Columbia: a small number of children are adopted as infants through one of BC’s licensed adoption agencies. Around 300 children join families from the foster care system, and around 200 are adopted from other countries. Children are also adopted by step-parents and in many same-sex couples where one parent is the biological parent, the other parent adopts the child.

Who can adopt a child in BC?
To adopt a child, you must be over 19 and a resident of BC. You can be single, married, or in a same-sex relationship. You don’t need a particular income, education or religion. You do have to have the ability to commit to and love a child.

How adoption has changed
Adoption has changed a great deal over the last 20 or 30 years. Not only (as you can see from the above) has the type of people that can legally adopt a child widened, but the secrecy surrounding adoption has considerably lessened. These days, few adoptive parents fail to tell their children that they were adopted. Many adoptive parents now have contact with their child’s birth parents and birth families—this is called openness. Openness can be simply a regular exchange of cards, photos or gifts, or frequent get-togethers. Openness is considered generally positive for children in terms of understanding their past and forming their identity.

Respectful adoption language


Out of date

Birth child

My own child. My natural child

Birth parents

Real parents. Natural parents.

Made an adoption plan

Gave up. Gave away

Parenting her child

Keeping her baby

My daughter

My adopted daughter

My son

My adopted son

International adoption

Foreign adoption

Was adopted

Is adopted

Download a printable PDF copy of this resource from our Publications section!